STRUCTURALISM

Dr. S. Devika

Developed in the twentieth century, Structuralism is a human science that tries to unearth the basic structures that underlie all human experience and behaviour. It is a method of systematizing human experience, which is applied in various fields of study such as anthropology, linguistics, psychology, literature etc. Structural linguistics was developed by Swiss linguist Ferdinand de Saussure in his work Course in General Linguistics (1915). Language is seen as a structure, a system of signs. A word is a linguistic sign that has two inseparable parts, the signifier and the signified. A sign comes into being only when it acquires meaning. The signifier is the sound image and the signified is the concept to which the signifier refers.  Semiotics, the science of signs, has become the subject of a structured enquiry . Semiology which applies structuralist insights to the study of sign systems.

According to Saussure, the relationship  between the…

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